Iron Dome is a missile interception system developed by the Israeli company Rafeal. It’s very much in news today because of the current situation in occupied Palestine. Iron Dome was established for the interception of 155 mm artillery shells and rockets up to 70 km range. It’s is in service since 2011 and doing a great job with an interception rate of 90 percent. It has three main parts; first is a radar, second is BMC (Battle management control system) and third one is a launcher. In a single iron dome battery, there are 3 to 4 launcher with 20 Tamir interception missiles in one launcher. Like any other system, it’s radar has the ability to identify and track the incoming missile and then send information to BMC. Then BMC evaluate the data and makes calculations that which missile intercept which is not because if some missile hit no man’s lands so no one intercept that missile because interceptions cost a lot.
Hamas has large number of rockets mostly are short range named Qassam other than that they have long range missile that covers the most part of the Israel with the range of 100 to 160km .The third rocket come in inventory is M75 that is based on Irani Fajr-5 with a range of 75 km. According to some sources, the latest variant of M-75 is GPS guided. Hamas also has the Grad launchers from Russia.
Now we discuss the other side of the coin. Iron Dome relatively good system because Hamas doesn’t have good missiles Hamas often uses homemade rockets with simple TNT and commercial fertilizer and doesn’t have a Guidance system it’s also very cheaper because Gps and navigation system kits are costly and hard to operate for an organization like Hamas.
On other hand, Isreal uses Tamir missile that costs around 50 thousand USD so it’s a very costly system, and in a conflict, cost matter the most because in long run it’s hurt financially. After all, no one wants to be in venerable in the end. For Hamas, it’s not, that much issue because the missile cost is very low. Every missile defense systems have some limitations no such systems provide 100 percent cover from incoming threats it’s generally called the saturation of system because missile defense system had its limit to fire missile in one go in case the of iron dome we don’t know the figure it’s confidential. In simple words we can says that system can engage and intercepts about 400 target now if we out number the system then missile can penetrate through system
because launcher is empty for another interception missile will be load again same happen in Gaza where the large barrage of rockets fired and only some make hits because the missile are not that good and also limited firing power if somehow Hamas manage batter rockets then definitely the result will be different.
Asim Tanveer Kazmi
He is a student of National Defence University, Islamabad. Author is doing BS Peace and Conflict Studies and have great interest in armaments.