Rafia Zahid is completing her BS Peace & Conflict Studies from NUML. She has keen interest in foreign policy, diplomacy and international security.
What is the actual Conflict ?
Palestinians are the Arab population those are drop from the land which is controlled by Israel , whereas Israel The world’s one of the Jewish state is Israel , its location is in the Mediterranean Sea. refer to the territory as Palestine, and they want to build a state by their name on the same land.
The Israeli Palestinian is who gets what land and how it is controlled by them. The Arab Muslims and Jews claimed their land a couple of thousand years ago, whereas the Current Political Conflict started in the early 20th century. As Jews were mistreated and make to run away in Europe wanted to establish a national homeland in what was then an Arab and Muslim majority territory in the Ottoman and late British Empire.
The Arabs countered, seeing the land as rightfully theirs. United Nation’s gave a plan earlier to give each part of the land but it failed, and Israel and neighboring Arab nations engaged in fighting several wars over territory basis. The Wars in 1948 and 1967 reflect today’s line are the outcomes.
The 1967 war, left Israel to have control in the Gaza Strip and West Bank, whereas Israel and Palestine are home to a large Palestinian population and it’s particularly important for ongoing conflict. Palestinian Authority is nominally controlling the West Bank and today it is under Israeli occupation.
This resulted in the form of Israeli troops , who enforce Israel security restrictions on Palestinian movement and activities, and Israeli Jews who build ever expanding communities in the West Bank that deny the land of Palestinians, Gaza is controlled by Hammas, which is an Islamic fundamentalist party, and is under Israel blockade but not ground troop occupation. The so-called “two-state solution” to solve through the primary approach is that would establish Palestine as an independent state in Gaza and most of the West Bank, leaving the rest of the land to Israel. Though the two-state plan is clear in theory, the two sides are still deeply divided over unjustified and how to make it work in practice.
Role of Other Middle Eastern Countries :
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a huge issue in the region. Israel has fought multiple wars with each of its four neighbors and all of them nominally support the Palestinian nationals. Nowadays, it has peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, but its relations with its other neighbors, Syria and Lebanon, are worried. the three most important regional states in the conflict are Iran, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia. Here is the role of some neighbors.
Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabia has recognized Israel, the two nations’ mutual opposition towards Iran, and has led to an unmatched working relationship between the Saudi and Israeli governments. Whereas the kingdom donates hundreds of millions of dollars to the Palestinian Authority and is the driving force behind an Arab League peace plan float as a replacement to traditional Israel-Palestinian negotiations.
Turkey: Israeli-Turkish conflict over an Israeli raid on a Turkish aid mission to Gaza severed diplomatic relations between the
two countries for years. They renormalized in 2016, but are still breakable. Turkey has been long on good terms with Israel and has become an increased Pro-Palestinian in recent years. Its Islamist Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan has positioned himself as Champion of the Palestinian cause for geopolitical, domestic, and Ideological reasons.
Egypt: Egypt’s 1978 peace treaty with Israel, the first signed by any Arab state, is underwritten by massive amounts of American aid to both Egypt and Israel.
Iran : Israel sees Iran as a direct and existential threat, as it has provided significant military and financial backing to Hezbollah, Hamas, and Syria as resistance to Israeli and Western interests in the Middle East. The Iranian government believes Israel is fundamentally illegitimate and supports the most hard-liner anti-Israeli Arab factions. Israel sees Iran as a direct and existential threat
The “Two-state Solution” and the “One-state Solution :
In my Opinion the solution for this turmoil between two states can be solved by The Mainstream approach to solve this conflict is the “two-state solution” that would create an independent Palestine and Israel.
According to this Idea the both States want to run differently. Israel’s want a Jewish State and Palestine’s want a Palestinian one. Because the one could achieve what they want in a one joined state , the only possible solution that would probably satisfied everyone is separating Palestinians and Israelis.
Where as the “One-State Solution” would unite Israel, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank into a one Big State. It comes in two categories, the one category is favored by some rightists and Israelis that would involve Israel conquering the West Bank and either forcing out Palestinians or denying them the right to vote, or the other category is favored by some leftists and Palestinians that would create a single Democratic country.
Arab Muslims would overcome Jews though ending Israel as a Jewish state. Therefore the whole world including the majority of Zionists rejects this option as an unacceptable human rights violation.
The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Global Defense Insight.