Pakistan Submarine Capabilities
Pakistan is situated in South Asia and shares 800 kilometers long coastline with Arabian sea. Submarine serves as the backbone of Pakistan Navy. Currently, Pakistan Submarine force is operating eight (8) submarines including 3 midget submarines.
Hashmat-class (Agosta 70):
Pakistan Navy is operating two (2) type-70 (Hasmat-class submarines. Hashmat-class submarines were procured from France in 1979 and 1980 respectively. These submarines are equipped with 4 single 533mm anti-ship torpedo tubes. These submarines carry UGM-84 harpoon anti-ship missiles and F-17P heavy weight torpedoes. F-17 have a range of 20 kilometers and it delivers a 250kg warhead to a depth of 600 meters.
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Both Hashmat-class boats were manufactured by Chantiers Dubigeon (a Franch company).
According to SIPRI, Pakistan signed contract with France for the purchase of 80 F-17 torpedoes for Type-70 submarines.
Main Sensors and EW suite:
• Thales DR 3000 U Radar warning receiver
• Thomson CSF DRUA 33 Radar
• Thomson Sintra DSUV 22
• DSUV 62A towed array
Submarines in class:
- PNS Hashmat S135
- PNS Hurmat S136
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Khalid-class (Agosta 90B):
Type-90B (Khalid-class) is considered as the backbone of Pakistan Submarine Force. Pakistan Navy is operating three (3) Khalid-class submarines. Pakistan procured twenty five (25) SM39 anti-ship missiles from France under $100 million deal. Pakistan also procured one hundred (100) F-17 torpedoes for Khalid-class submarines.
Torpedo tube configuration of Type-90B is very similar to Type-70. Type-90B boats are also equipped with 4 single 533mm torpedo tubes. Armaments on Type-90B includes SM-39 Exocet anti-ship missile and DM2A4 (SeaHake Mod4) heavy weight torpedoes. It is a wire guided anti-ship torpedo being developed in 1971.
SM-39 Exocet can destroy it’s target from a range of 50 kilometers.
Two of these submarines are armed with Air Independent Propulsion (AIP), known as MESMA. This enhances the endurance of submarine under sea. Thus enabling submarine to penetrate deep inside enemy sea lines.
Submarines in class:
• PNS Khalid S137
• PNS Saad S138
• PNS Hamza S139
MG-110 Midget Submarine:
In 1988, Pakistan signed arms contract with Italy for the purchase of three Cosmo-class MG110 midget submarines. These submarines are used for Special Forces operations, coastal defense and mine lying. Each of these submarines is equipped with 2 single 533mm torpedo tubes. Interestingly, all the three submarines were constructed in Karachi. These boats serve as swimmer delivery vehicle (SDV) for Special Service Group (Navy).
This type of Mini Submarine can be used for various purposes like attacking enemy units in harbour with Frogmen/Charriots, at sea with torpedoes, at shore installations by commandos etc. Other uses include mine laying, defensice barrier in shallow waters, advance pickets duties, intelligence gathering etc.